Links to other Web Sites

The following links are a mix of sites useful for plant research or just interesting for the information, images or point of view. None are in any way connected to 2bnTheWild.com. The links open in a new window.
Databases    Education    Hyper-text Books    Illustration    Image Collections    Links Lists    Organizations    Places    Tools   


Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
A joint effort by the Institute of Systematic Botany, the University of South Florida and the Florida Center for Community design + Research to provide users with a comprehensive searchable database of vascular plants in Florida. The plant data is provided by Wunderlin, R. P. and B. F. Hansen.

Carnivorous Plant Database
A searchable database with images and lots of data on carnivorous plants.

Cornell University - Poisonious Plants
A growing reference that includes plant images, pictures of affected animals and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc.). When completed, the public will be able to find pictures and information about toxic plants by:

The DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing. It has been adopted by the International Taxonomic Databases Working Group (TDWG) as a standard for data exchange. DELTA-format data can be used to produce natural-language descriptions, interactive or conventional keys, cladistic or phenetic classifications, and information-retrieval systems.

Digital Flora of Texas
An ambitious project to make vast amounts of data and images available on the web. A work in progress, many features including a vast image gallery are on line now.

Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
This database by James A. Duke and Stephen M. Beckstrom-Sternberg consists primarily of plant chemical data, including quantity, taxonomic occurence, and chemical activity. Several interconnected databases included under the Phytochemeco aegis are an ethnobotany (plant uses) DB, and an ecological DB (including plant geography and climate).

Integrated Taxonomic Information System - Query
The lattest information on the official names of plants in North America.

Plants For A Future - A database of useful plants
This is a group in Cornwall England interested in rare, interesting and, most of all, useful plants. Their database is searchable in several ways and is said to contain almost 7000 plants.

The Scutellaria Group
A vast amount of information on the Scutellaria genus. The Scutellaria Species Information and Images section lists a huge number of taxa for the group with linked references.

University of Tennessee Vascular Plant Herbarium
This site has long been a source of Tennessee species list and distribution maps and now has over 3,000 images representing some 1,800 species. (Included are 269 images from 2bnTheWild.com.) Images include specimen scans and field photographs. Dr. B. Eugene Wofford and Chris A. Fleming have put a huge amount of time and effort into making these images available.

USDA PLANTS National Database
This U. S. Department of Agriculture site features a complete database of almost all plants in the United States including synonyms. There is a good range map for each plant and many have photos and some other information such as weed or wetland status or propagation information. The USDA Plants links found in the Other Info section of the 2bnTheWild Plant Pages take you to pages on the USDA site.


California Plant Names, Word Meanings and Name Derivations
Names of California plants, their meanings and derivations from Latin and Greek roots, with biographical information on the many botanists and collectors whose names appear so frequently on our flora. The list currently contains more than 2,200 references and some 40 enlargeable photos, and is still expanding. Although the main focus is on southern California plants, many if not most of these names are in general usage world-wide.

Edible Wild
The Edible Wild web site focuses on edible wild herbs and plants, harvesting ethics and cooking with weeds, edible flowers and herbs. Lots of interesting articles and links.

Forest Biology and Dendrology Educational Sites at Virginia Tech
This site contains an excellent Leaf and Twig Key to trees shrubs and woody vines and lots of other educational content.

Kingdom: Plantae
Extensive facts and several photos of each of the plants covered.

Montana Plant Life
This web site presents a wide variety of Montana wildflowers and other plants growing in the wilds of Montana. There are currently over 400 species listed and 1500 images. A great deal of useful information about each plant is provided and it is all linked together with an excellent menu system and search capabilities. A CD of the site is available for purchase.

Native Plants of the Mid-Atlantic Region
Steve Lonker has created a site to share his many interests one of which is botany. The site is very professionally done which is not surprising since Steve is a graphic and web site designer. Very nice images and lots of links.

Trillium and the Trillium Family (Trilliaceae)
Lots of information and images of Trillium species including a thesis on the biochemical basis for the flower color variations. There are of links to other sites of interest and a great Key using NaviKey.

University of Georgia Herbarium

Vascular Plant Systematics Glossary
An online version of the categorized and illustrated glossary from Vascular Plant Systematics (1976) by A. E. Radford and other botany professors at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Wild Food Adventures
John Kallas, Ph.D. is the director, educator and researcher for Wild Food Adventures which provides expertise in wild edible plants through workshops, expeditions, teaching events, presentations, outdoor guiding, and outfitting anywhere in North America. Technical advising, curriculum development, and custom research services are also available. Emphasis is on the past, present, and future uses of wild edible plants and other forageables.

Hyper-text Books

A Modern Herbal
A hyper-text version of A Modern Herbal, 1931, by Mrs. M. Grieve. Over 800 varieties of medicinal, culinary, and cosmetic herbs, including economic properties, cultivation and folk-lore. Do a word search of all 860 pages.

Biodiversity and Conservation
A Hypertext Book by Peter J. Bryant, School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine. The origin, nature and value of biological diversity, the threats to its continued existence, and approaches to preserving what is left.

Required reading for those with a concern for our planet.

The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin
Part of "An Online Library of Literature" this is the actual book in available on the web.


Botanical Illustrations of the Smithsonian Institution
The Department of Botany of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History has created a database of the more than 3000 botanical illustrations curated by the department's scientific illustrator, Alice Tangerini. As part of a long-term project to make an on-line illustrated catalog of these illustrations available for our staff and others needing access to this information, we are pleased to offer 500 images in the three families that have been completed: Bromeliaceae, Cactaceae, and Melastomataceae.

Image Collections

Flora of the Washington-Baltimore Area
Hundreds of images of plants from the Washington-Baltimore area can be located by vernacular or species names, family, season of bloom or color. Or enjoy the slide show. The site has records of the first-flowering dates for spring-blooming plants going back to 1970.

Texas Vascular Plant Image Library
Part of Digital Flora of Texas, this site has a large number of detailed images.

Wild Florida Photo
Photographs of and informaton about the flora and fauna that occurs in Florida by my good friend Paul Rebmann who is also a contributor to 2bnTheWild.

Wildflower Nirvana
A mailorder micronursery located in southern Florida. The site includes " The award-winning gallery contains a sampling of wildflower photographs and the gallery has been described as one of the best examples of wildflower photography on the web."

Wildflowers of Ontario

Wildflowers of the Southern Appalachians
Photos and brief descriptions of several wildflowers.

Wildflowers of Western Kentucky
Nice color photos and brief descriptions of about 210 flowers. The index is entirely thumbnails.

Links Lists

Cartographic Links For Botanists
Links to plant distribution maps, coordinate systems, mapping data, GPS info, Interactive maps, mapping software and much more.

Scott's Botanical Links
Dr. Scott D. Russell is Professor of Botany in the Department of Botany and Microbiology of the University of Oklahoma at Norman. His Botanical Links site has reviews and descriptions of sites related to botany with an emphases on education. You can search past links and receive the daily selections via e-mail.

The Internet Directory of Botany
An index to botanical information available on the Internet, compiled by Anthony R. Brach (Harvard University Herbarium, Cambridge / Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, USA), Raino Lampinen (Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, Finland) Shunguo Liu (SHL Systemhouse, Edmonton, Canada) and Keith McCree (Oakridge, Oregon). It consists of two parts, an alphabetical directory and a categorical directory.


Botanical Society of America
The Botanical Society of America exists to promote botany, the field of basic science dealing with the study and inquiry into the form, function, diversity, reproduction, evolution, and uses of plants and their interactions within the biosphere. To accomplish this mission, the objectives of The Society are to: sustain and provide improved formal and informal education about plants; encourage basic plant research; provide expertise, direction, and position statements concerning plants and ecosystems; and foster communication within the professional botanical community, and between botanists and the rest of humankind through publications, meetings, and committees.

Georgia Botanical Society
The Georgia Botanical Society, founded in 1925, is a group of folks who get together to...

Promote the understanding and appreciation of plants and their relationship to the environment, as well as the study of botanical sciences. Undertake or support the setting apart of appropriate areas in Georgia for the preservation of native and cultivated flora for the enjoyment of the public. Encourage the protection of rare and endangered plant species and significant botanical habitats. Promote the conservation of botanical resources and encourage the practice of a conservation ethic.

Plant Conservation Alliance
The PCA is a consortium of ten federal government Member agencies and over 145 non-federal Cooperators representing various disciplines within the conservation field: biologists, botanists, habitat preservationists, horticulturists, resources management consultants, soil scientists, special interest clubs, non-profit organizations, concerned citizens, nature lovers, and gardeners. PCA Members and Cooperators work collectively to solve the problems of native plant extinction and native habitat restoration, ensuring the preservation of our ecosystem.

The site contains lots of valuable information, images and links to other sites.

South Carolina Native Plant Society
Among other features of this site is the offer to send photos of unknown plants to be identified by experts.

Southern Appalachian Botanical Society

The American Rhododendron Society
The American Rhododendron Society is an active non-profit organization with members throughout the world. The purpose of the Society is to encourage interest in and to disseminate information and knowledge about the genus Rhododendron. Its aim is to provide means for all persons interested in the genus to benefit from education, scientific studies and communication with others through meetings, publications, flower shows, seed exchanges and other similar activities. ARS chapters are located throughout the United States, Canada, Denmark, Holland, Scotland, Sikkim and Sweden.

The Nature Conservancy
Since 1951,The Nature Conservancy has been "saving the Earth's Last Great Places", often by the simple and direct method of purchasing the land.

The Sierra Club
Founded in 1893 by the great naturalist John Muir, the Sierra Club members strive to both protect and enjoy the remaining wild places.

The Wilderness Society
Founded in 1935, The Wilderness Society is a strong advocate for the protection of the America's remaining wild areas. The web site is a great source for current information on issues that impact wild places.

Virginia Native Plant Society
The Virginia Native Plant Society (VNPS) was founded in 1982 as The Virginia Wildflower Preservation Society. It is a statewide organization with approximately 1800 members supported primarily by dues and contributions. The Society's programs emphasize public education, protection of endangered species, habitat preservation, and encouragement of appropriate landscape use of native plants.

WWF (formerly known as the World Wildlife Fund)
This is perhaps the largest and best known international conservation organization. Their goals include; preserving biological diversity, sustainable use of renewable resources and reducing pollution. Their panda logo is one of the most reconized symbols in the world.


Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History
Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History is a non-profit research & education organization in York, South Carolina. It is the parent organization for Operation RubyThroat an international initiative in which students, teachers, and others collaborate to study behavior and distribution of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris). The site has information and images of flora and fauna found at the center.

Wild Florida
Dedicated to North Florida's greatest natural treasures. The region between the Apalachicola River and the Suwannee River contains a great variety of natural habitats. Recently ranked by the Nature Conservancy as one of the top 5 hot spots of species diversity in the U.S., this region represents some of the best of Florida's remaining wild places.

This site has some great photos of Pitcher Plants among others. Also some interesting reading.


NaviKey is a Java applet which has been developed to provide a web interface for DELTA files. It has a graphical interface which allows users to select characteristics or enter observations in order to identify a specimen. Each key presents a list of "characters," each of which contain a set of defining "states." By making selections based on observations, a clear method is available for specimen identification.
Works only with Netscape.

© 1999-2000 Daniel Reed
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