Index- plants in this Family
Liliaceae / Lily
Red Trillium (Trillium erectum)
Red Trillium is also known as Stinking Benjamin or Stinking Willie and Purple Trillium.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 61cm in height (24inches).
Leaves: The leaves are whorled. Each of the three leaves is entire.
Flowers: The flowers have 3 Regular Parts and are up to 8cm wide (3 inches). They are maroon sometimes white or greenish yellow. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into late spring. The flowers are born on pedicels seldom over 8cm (3.15") long, erect or reclining on the leaves. The petals spread from the base. The flowers often have a somewhat unpleasant odor.
Habitat: Rich woods with acid soil.
Range: Mountains of Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee north to into Canada.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Similar Species: Southern Red Trillium, Trillium sulcatum is very similar. The flowers stink less and the petals are more cuped.

See also: Trilliums in general, Trillium




White Flowered Race

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Liliales
Lily
|Family
Liliaceae
Lily
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Trillium
Trillium

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 5/5/2010 9:31:03 AM. File date-05-May-10
© 1999-2009 Daniel W. Reed