Index- plants in this Family
Liliaceae / Lily
Bluebead (Clintonia borealis)
Bluebead is also known as Yellow Clintonia, Dogberry and Corn-lily. All Clintonias are know as Wood Lilies..

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 33cm in height (13inches).
Leaves: This plant has basal leaves only. Each leaf is shiny, somewhat stiff and entire. There may be from two to five leaves per plant.
Flowers: The flowers have 6 Regular Parts and are up to 2cm long (0.75 inches). They are yellowgreen. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into late spring. The flowers tend to nod.
Fruit: An erect cluster of bright blue berries.
Habitat: Rich moist woods especially the mountains.
Range: From the mountains of Tennessee, Georgia and North Carolina north to Canada and west to Minnesota.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Perhaps better known for it's berries than the flower this plant is found in dense stands along streams and in moist areas in the mountains of the Southeast.

Lore: Some American Indian tribes thought that dogs used the plant to poison there teeth making there bite lethal. One who was bitten by such a dog would need to procure the same root to extract the poison.

Medical Uses: The plant contains diosgenin a chemical from which progesterone is manufactured. It is anti-inflammatory and Native Americans used it to treat injuries of various kinds from bruises to burns and infections. A root tea was used as a tonic and to aid in childbirth.

Similar Species: White Clintonia, Clintonia umbellulata



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Liliales
Lily
|Family
Liliaceae
Lily
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Clintonia

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 8/12/2000 11:22:55 AM.