Index- plants in this Family
Liliaceae / Lily
Indian Cucumber (Medeola virginiana)
Indian Cucumber is also known as Indian Cucumber Root.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 76cm in height (30inches).
Leaves: The leaves are whorled. Leaves can reach 13cm in length (5inches). The have smooth margins and are lance shaped. There are usually two sets of whorles the upper having 3 to 5 leaves and the lower 5 to 9.
Flowers: The flowers have 6 Regular Parts. They are yellowgreen sometimes green. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into early summer. The flowers usually hang below the upper leaves and have 3 long brown thread like stigmas.
Fruit: Dark purple or red berries suspended on erect stems at the top of the plant.
Habitat: Dry open woods and thickets.
Range: Most of eastern North America.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Historical Uses
: Native Americans ate the root (actually a rhizome). Before you put it on your list of possible survival foods note that it may be a diuretic and in large amounts a purgative.


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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Liliales
Lily
|Family
Liliaceae
Lily
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Medeola
Indian Cucumber

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 5/20/2001 9:37:52 AM.