Index- plants in this Family
Asteraceae / Aster
Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Common Yarrow is also known as Milfoil.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 76cm in height (30inches).
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Each leaf is finely divided.
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts. They are dull white sometimes pink. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into mid fall. The small flowers are in tight terminal clusters. (A corymb)
Habitat: Fields, fencerows and gardens.
Range: Almost all of North America

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification

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This fragrant plant seems to have both native and non-native varieties.

Lore: The aroma of smoldering Yarrow or a decoction poured on hot stones was used by Native American Shaman to ward off evil spirits and revive those in comas. It is one of the plants used to protect one who was to walk on hot coals or otherwise be exposed to great heat. It seems it was used both internally and externally for such a purpose. Some tribes smoked the dried flower heads for ceremonial events.(Erichsen-Brown) A pleasant beverage can be made from the leaves.

Medical Uses: The medical use of this plant ranges far back in time and far around the planet as it's range covers much of the Northern Hemisphere. It's use continues to this day among herbal healers. It has been used as a poultice on inflammations and a tea was used to bath inflammations and was drunk to treat various conditions from colds and fevers to gastric distress and internal bleeding. Yarrows value as an anti-inflammatory is backed up by research. Warning: There are many biologically active chemicals in yarrow and some may not be healthy in large doses or taken for extended periods.(Erichsen-Brown) (Foster & Duke) (Dobelis)

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves



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