Passifloraceae / Passionflower
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The fruit has a translucent pulp surrounding the seeds that is sweet and tasty when ripe.
Medical Uses: The entire plant has long been used as sedative and mild painkiller. Considered particularly useful in painful menstruation, insomnia epilepsy and headaches. Research suggests that it is a mild sedative, decreasing blood pressure and motor activity while increasing respiratory rate. Native Americans poulticed the root for many types of sores and earaches.(Foster & Duke)(Dobelis)
Species: Yellow Passionflower (P. Lutea) has smaller yellowish flowers and a small black fruit. It has similar
range and habitat but is much less common.
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves