Solanaceae / Nightshade
Ads on this page help pay for this site but if you see one that seems inappropriate here such as one that is counter to the pro environmental theme please let me know which Ad and I will block it.
Report a Bad Ad
Lore: Cherokee used it as an insecticide to kill flies by putting crushed leaves in sweet milk.
Medical Uses: Despite it's toxicity this
and other closely related Nightshades have been use medicinally. According to Foster & Duke the berries have been use to treat epilepsy and
pain as a diuretic, antispasmodic, and aphrodisiac. The leaves have been used as an analgesic, poulticed on injuries or
dermatitis or gargled for sore throats. The Cherokees used berries fried in grease as an ointment for mange in dogs and
tied roots around baby's neck for teething, perhaps soothing the pain.Warning: All parts of this species are toxic
and should not be taken internally without expert guidance. It contains poisonous aldaloids including solanine.
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves