Index- plants in this Family
Asteraceae / Aster
Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
Chicory is also known as Blue Sailors and Coffeeweed.

Plant Type: This is a non-native herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 170cm in height (67inches). Occasionally much higher. Usually much branched.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. They are irregularly toothed and lobed.
Flowers: The flowers have numerous parts and are up to 3.8cm wide (1.5 inches). They are light blue sometimes white or pink. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into mid fall. The rays have toothed tips.
Habitat: Fields, fencerows and waste places.
Range: Almost all of North America

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Introduced from Europe and now naturalized almost everywhere in the U. S. Chicory has a deep tap root enabling it to grow in hard packed, rocky ground such as the shoulder of roads where other plants can not. The odd light blue color makes the plant easy to spot. The flowers open and close daily.

Historical Lore: The very young leaves can be eaten fresh in salads and the older, bitter leaves can be boiled in several waters and eaten. The best known use of the plant is as a coffee additive or substitute. The roots are roasted and ground to make chicory coffee which has no caffeine.

Endive (Cichorium endivia) is a close relative.



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Magnoliopsida
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
|Subclass
Asteridae
Aster
||Family
Asteraceae
Aster
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Cichorium

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 7/29/2000 6:29:56 PM.