Typhaceae / Cattail
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Similar Species: There are two
other species of Cattail in our area. Both are found in similar habitats. Southern Cattail (Typha domingensis) has
bloom spikes that are pale brown and the male and female flower clusters are usually seperated by 1 to 8cm (.4 to 3") of
bare stem. The stigmas are linear. The leaves are 6 to 18mm (.2
to .7") wide. It is found mostly on the coast in the eastern U. S. From Delaware south to Florida and west to Texas. In
the western part of the country it is found more inland and is known in all the western and midwestern states south of
Oregon at elevations below 1500 meters (5000'). Narrowleaf Cattail (Typha angustifolia) is a non-native plant. It
has larger rhizomes allowing it to live in deeper water. The leaves are 4 to 12mm (.15 to .5") wide. It is found as far south
as South Carolina but is most common north and west of our area at ellavations up to 2000 meters (6500')
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Monocots / One Seed Leaf