Index- plants in this Family
Ranunculaceae / Buttercups
Dwarf Larkspur (Delphinium tricorne)
Dwarf Larkspur is also known as Spring Larkspur.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 76cm in height (30inches).
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Leaves can be as wide as 10 cm (4inches). Each leaf is deeply lobed or divided.
Flowers: The flowers are irregular in shape and are up to 4cm long (1.5 inches) and are up to 2cm wide (0.75 inches). They are deep blue sometimes violet or white. Blooms first appear in early spring and continue into late spring.
Fruit: A seedpod that divides into three parts. Each section of the pod has a tip that curls upward as it dries looking like a horn hence the tricorne name.
Habitat: Rocky areas and rich woods.
Range: Throughout the southeast.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification

Ads on this page help pay for this site but if you see one that seems inappropriate here such as one that is counter to the pro environmental theme please let me know which Ad and I will block it.
Report a Bad Ad

Daniel Reed

Medical Uses: In Europe Larkspurs have been used for a variety of medical uses including to help close wounds. The main use of the plant has long been to kill human parasites, especially lice and their nits (eggs). It was used by Wellington's troops at Waterloo and by Union soldiers during the American Civil War.
: This plant is toxic! The stem and seeds contain alkaloids, the glycoside delphinine and aconitic acid plus other unidentified substances. Only Locoweed kills more cattle in the American West. The alkaloids effect the nervous system causing one to become weak and eventually bring on respiratory failure.

Similar Species: Tall Larkspur (D. exaltatum) and D. carolinianum can reach 1.8m (6') in height and have more leaves and flowers. The many varieties of Larkspur grown in flower gardens come form the European species Rocket Larkspur (D. ajacis) or Forking Larkspur (D. consolida). These have escaped cultivation in some areas. They have thinly divided leaves often described as feather like but the flowers are very similar.

© Daniel Reed   E-mail      Image use policy

Ads on this page help pay for this site but if you see one that seems inappropriate here such as one that is counter to the pro environmental theme please let me know which Ad and I will block it. Report a Bad Ad

More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves




Welcome / Glossary / Books / Links / Feedback / Image use policy - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 7/29/2000 5:53:18 PM.