Index- plants in this Family
Asteraceae / Aster
Goldenrods (Solidago )
Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant. Ususlly erect and often tall.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Most leaves are toothed but a few species have entire leaves.
Flowers: The flowers have numerous parts. They are yellow sometimes white. Blooms first appear in mid summer and continue into mid fall. The center and rays are yellow. The rays are few, seldom more than ten. Groups of flowers are often clustered on the top edge of branches near or at the top of the plant.
Habitat: Various
Range: Almost all of North America

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The large number of species and variations make this genus very difficult resolve to the species. The Goldenrods as a group are well know and very common turning fallow fields and meadows yellow every fall. Goldenrods are mostly an American genus with the greatest number of species found in the Southeastern U.S. There are perhaps over thirty species in our area. The yellow flowers signal to hay fever sufferers that their misery is about to begin. This is because the showy flowers appear at the same time the Ragweeds (see: Annual Ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia) bloom with ubiquitous green flowers that produce the airborne pollens largely responsible for the hay fever experienced in the fall. Colorful flowers are almost always pollinated by insects and their pollen is not carried on the wind. Goldenrods often have long lived spreading root systems and there may be plants that are hundreds of years old.

Lore: See: Anisescented Goldenrod, Solidago odora

Medical Uses: See: Anisescented Goldenrod, Solidago odora

Similar Species: Canada Goldenrod, Solidago canadensis
Anisescented Goldenrod, Solidago odora
Elmleaf Goldenrod, Solidago ulmifolia

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves



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