Index- plants in this Family
Orchidaceae / Orchid
Yellow Fringed Orchid (Platanthera ciliaris)
Yellow Fringed Orchid is also known as Orange Plume. This plant was formerly classified as Blephariglotis ciliaris (L.) Rydb. and Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 100cm in height (40inches).
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Leaves can reach 30cm in length (12inches). Each leaf is entire.
Flowers: The flowers are irregular in shape . They are light orange. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into late summer. The flowers are in a dense terminal spike. The individual flowers are borne on long pedicels and have a spur almost as long. The lower lip is prominently fringed.
Habitat: Almost anywhere. Found in swamps, dry woods and fields.
Range: Texas to Florida and as far north as New Hampshire

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification

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Daniel Reed

This striking plant seems to occur only occasionly in most any location. Please do not harvest this plant to try the uses listed below. This plant is much too rare to harvest!

Lore: The Cherokees put a piece of the root on their hooks to make fish bite. (Hamel/Chiltoskey)

Medical Uses: The Cherokees used a cold root tea for headache and a warm tea for flux. (Hamel/Chiltoskey)

Similar Species: Crested Yellow Orchid (Platanthera cristata) is similar but the flowers are smaller especially the spur and the racemes are more compact. It tends to be found in moist locations mainly on the costal plain. White Fringed Orchid (Platanthera blephariglottis) is very similar except white and is found in moist locations.

See the links below this image for other images. (1)
© Darel Hess   E-mail      Image use policy

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Orchid, Yellow Fringed - entire plant  © Paul Rebmann

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Monocots / One Seed Leaf



Welcome / Glossary / Books / Links / Feedback / Image use policy - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 12/22/2001 8:14:01 AM.