Index- plants in this Family
Asclepiadaceae / Milkweed
Angle-Pod (Matelea carolinensis)
Angle-Pod is also known as Maroon Carolina Milkvine, the official name, and has been considered Gonolobus carolinensis, Odontostephana carolinensis, Vincetoxicum carolinense and Vincetoxicum hirsutum.

Plant Type: This is a vine, it is a perennial. The stem is downy and the sap is milky..
Leaves: The leaf arrangement is opposite. Leaves can reach 10cm in length (4inches). Each leaf is cordate and entire.
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts and are up to 2cm wide (0.75 inches). They are dark purple sometimes yellow. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into late summer.
Habitat: Rich woods and thickets.
Range: Texas to Delaware.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification

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Daniel Reed

Angle-Pod occurs sporadically throughout the central south.

Similar Species: As you can see from the list in the "More info" section below there are many other species in this genus found in our area. They all have flowers that emerge from the nodes of the paired, heart shaped leaves. Some have dark purple or red-brown flowers and some have yellowish or green flowers. Most species tend to have a fairly limited range. They all have hairs on the stem and leaf stalk that are visible with the unaided eye mixed with smaller glands visible only with a magnifier. Vines in the genus Cynanchum are also similar and sometimes confused. Our species of Cynanchum have very narrow leaves. Technically the distinction between Matelea and Cynanchum is that in the first the pollen masses extend horizontally and in the latter they hang down.(Rickett)

See the links below this image for other images. (1)
© Darel Hess   E-mail      Image use policy

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Matelea carolinensis - Yellow  © Daniel Reed
Extreamly rare yellow flowered Matelea carolinensis.

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves



Welcome / Glossary / Books / Links / Feedback / Image use policy - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 6/19/2005 6:38:45 PM.