Index- plants in this Family
Poaceae / Grasses
Indian Woodoats (Chasmanthium latifolium)
Indian Woodoats is also known as Broadleaf Uniola, Wild Oats. Formerly considered Uniola latifolia..

Plant Type: This is a grass (graminoid), it is a perennial which can reach 150cm in height (60inches). Often half that height the stems tend to arch.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Leaves can reach 20cm in length (8inches). Leaves can be as wide as 2.5 cm (1inches). Each leaf is entire, lanceolate with a scabrous edge. The leaf is mostly glabrous with a few long hairs.
Flowers: The flowers are irregular in shape . They are green turning brown. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into early fall. The flattened spikelets hang in a loose, branched panicle at the top of the stem. They may have from seven to twenty tightly spaced flowers each.
Fruit: A flat, elliptical, dark red grain.
Habitat: Prefers moist, shaded areas. Tolerant of other habitats.
Range: All of the eastern U. S. except northern New England and in the southwest as far west as Arizona.

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This attractive native grass is sometimes used in gardens and landscapes. It is tollerent of shade, drought, salt and spreads fairly rapidly. Under faviorable conditions it can become sholder high. The seeds serve as food for many types of wildlife. The dry plants persist in winter and are sometimes use in dry flower arrangements.


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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Commelinidae
Spiderwort
||Family
Poaceae
Grasses
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Chasmanthium

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 3/3/2001 6:33:58 PM.