Index- plants in this Family
Ranunculaceae / Buttercups
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
Goldenseal is also known as Yellowroot and Orangeroot.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 45cm in height (18inches).
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. . Each leaf is toothed and deeply cleft often with five lobes. The leaves are coarsely textured and there are usually two leaves on the stem and one larger basal leaf on a stem nearly as high as the main plant.
Flowers: The flower parts are not discernable with the naked eye and are up to 1cm wide (0.5 inches). They are white. Blooms first appear in early spring and continue into mid spring. There are no petals. Only three small sepals.
Fruit: Red berries with two seeds in a cluster. See 'Other Images' below
Habitat: Well drained, rich woods.
Range: Throughout the southeast.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification

Ads on this page help pay for this site but if you see one that seems inappropriate here such as one that is counter to the pro environmental theme please let me know which Ad and I will block it.
Report a Bad Ad

Daniel Reed

Once common and used by the native americans for dye (the yellow root) and many medical purposes, the plant has been nearly wiped out by commercial harvesting.

Medical Uses: The plant root is known to be antiseptic and hemostatic. Many other medical uses are reported but lack scientific proof. It has been rumored to mask illegal drugs in urine test but, according to Foster and Duke's Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, Eastern and Central North America this has been disproved, at least for morphine.

See the links below this image for other images. (1)

©  Daniel W Reed

© Darel Hess   E-mail      Image use policy

These images open in a new window. You may need to resize the window to view the entire image.
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) - fruit  © Daniel Reed

Ads on this page help pay for this site but if you see one that seems inappropriate here such as one that is counter to the pro environmental theme please let me know which Ad and I will block it. Report a Bad Ad

More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves




Welcome / Glossary / Books / Links / Feedback / Image use policy - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 8/13/2009 7:57:09 AM. (Viewed date from local machine.)
© 1999-2009 Daniel W. Reed
File date-13-Aug-09