Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)
Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 30cm in height (12inches).
Leaves: This plant has basal leaves only. The leaves consist of two hinged lobes with
spines on their margins and three sensitive hairs on the upper surface that cause the leaf to fold when stimulated. Once
folded the spines mesh trapping insects. Each leaf is on a winged petiole that looks more like what we think of as a leaf than the
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts and are up to 2.5cm wide (1 inches).
They are white. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into early summer. The flowers are in a cluster at the end
of a scape.
Habitat: Wet sandy areas,
bogs and savannas in soils leached of soluble nutrients.
Range: Mainly the coastal plain of North
Carolina and South Carolina. Also reported from Delaware, New Jersey and Florida. Rare
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This moist unusual plant traps insects to supplement its diet. Unlike
other carnivorous plants that have a passive trap this one actually moves. It rapidly closes the leaf as soon as an insect,
or anything else, touches any of the three sensitive hairs on the surface of the leaf. The plant then extracts nutrients
from the insect and the leaf and the leaf withers. This added nutrition enables the plant to survive in soils that few plants
Lore: The Cherokee thought it would attract fish if they chewed a small piece and spit on the
By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key
is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that
are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first
book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located
with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over
1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important
features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information
such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee
Native Plant Society.
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