Index- plants in this Family
Orchidaceae / Orchid
Spring Coralroot (Corallorrhiza wisteriana)
Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 40cm in height (16inches). The stem is usually purple to brown with only traces of green.
Leaves: This plant has no leaves but the stem is sheathed by leaf like structures.
Flowers: The flowers are irregular in shape . They are purple to greenish-yellowish with white lip with purple spots. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into late spring. Perhaps flowering much earlier or later in some locations. There are usually ten to fifteen flowers emerging directly from the stem.
Habitat: Rich damp woods and mountain meadows.
Range: All of our area, north to the Great Lakes and west to the Rocky Mountains.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Coral Roots do not produce chlorophyll for photosynthesis instead relying on a symbiotic relationship with a fungus to extract nutrients from decaying organic matter in the soil (mycorrhiza is the term for this type relationship). The term Coralroot refers to the rhizome which is pink and branched looking much like coral.

Medical Uses: The root has been used as a diaphoretic (promotes sweating) since ancient times. This makes it usefull to help break fevers. It is also considered a mild sedative. Far to rare to collect.



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Orchidales
Orchid
|Family
Orchidaceae
Orchid
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Corallorrhiza
Coral Root

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 5/6/2001 10:04:10 AM.