Index- plants in this Family
Liliaceae / Lily
Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum & albidum)
Trout Lily is also known as Dogtooth Violet. E. albidum is know as White Fawnlily.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial.
Leaves: This plant has basal leaves only. Leaves can reach 20cm in length (8inches). Leaves can be as wide as 4 cm (1.5inches). There are always two leaves which are entire, shinny and molted with dark splotches.
Flowers: The flowers have 6 Regular Parts and are up to 5cm wide (2 inches). They are yellow with redish brown streaks sometimes white. Blooms first appear in late winter and continue into early spring. The six parts are actually 3 petals and 3 sepals. The yellow flowers are streaked with reddish lines. The white flowered plants are a different species - E. Albidum which is rare.
Habitat: Rich woods.
Range: Throughout the southeast.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Daniel Reed

This attractive little plant grows in colonies which appear in the spring then disappear shortly after flowering. The common name Dogtooth Violet may refer to the shape of the root (the plant is not a violet). The Trout in the name perhaps refers to the pattern of the leaves.

Medical Uses: According to Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, Eastern and Central North America Iroquois women ate the leaves to prevent conception and the plant has anti bacterial properties.

Similar Species: The white flowered plant is E. Albidum and is much rarer.



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Taken at Long Hunter State Park.


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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Liliales
Lily
|Family
Liliaceae
Lily
|Subfamily

Lily
|Tribe

|Genus
Erythronium
Fawnlily

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 1/13/2005 6:35:17 PM.