Index- plants in this Family
Liliaceae / Lily
Atamasco Lily (Zephyranthes atamasca)
Atamasco Lily is also known as Rain Lily, Easter Lily, Stagger Grasses and Zephyr Lily.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 25cm in height (10inches). From a bulb.
Leaves: This plant has basal leaves only. Leaves can reach 40cm in length (16inches). Leaves can be as wide as 0.8 cm (0.3inches). Each narrow leaf is entire with sharp edges.
Flowers: The flowers have 6 Regular Parts and are up to 8cm long (3 inches). They are white sometimes pinkish. Blooms first appear in late winter and continue into mid spring. The three stigmas are longer than the stamens.
Habitat: Low or moist woods and sometimes meadows.
Range: From Maryland south to Florida and west to Louisiana. Mostly on the Coastal Plain.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Zephyr is Greek for the south-west wind but what that has to do with these attractive flowers I do not know. Though it may flower and be gathered for decoration at Easter it is not closely related to the Easter Lily of florist shops (Lilium longiflorum) which may escape cultivation in Florida

Medical Uses: The bulb may have been used medically by some southern Native American tribes for toothache but the bulb and leaves are considered poisonous.

Similar Species: Redmargin Zephyrlily (Zephyranthes simpsonii) is slightly smaller and the stamens are longer than the stigmas. It is rare.
Autumn Zephyrlily (Zephyranthes candida) has only one stigma with three lobes and more spreading petals. It blooms in the fall.



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Atamasco lily (Zephyranthes atamasca), coastal Georgia


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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Liliales
Lily
|Family
Liliaceae
Lily
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Zephyranthes

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 6/10/2001 8:20:56 PM.