Index- plants in this Family
Ranunculaceae / Buttercups
Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia)
Wood Anemone is also known as Nightcaps and Windflower.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 35cm in height (14inches). Usually less than 30cm (12") high
Leaves: The leaves are whorled. Each irregularly toothed leaf is divided into three parts with the outer leaflet sometimes cleft so deeply as to make the leaf apparently have five parts. There may be one basal leaf and three stem leaves in a whorl.
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts, sometimes 6 or 7 which are sepals. They are white. Blooms first appear in early spring and continue into mid spring. There are no petals. The flower is solitary. The sepals may be pink on the underside and this may show through the veins.
Habitat: Rich moist woods.
Range: Widespread in eastern Canada and northeastern U. S. and in the mountains as far south as Georgia and in scattered locations west to the Dakotas and Arkansas.

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One of the earliest flowers to bloom in the spring, this species is rarely found outside the mountains in our area. There are several varieties.

Similar Species: Mountain Anemone AKA Mountain Thimbleweed (Anemone lancifolia) is very similar. It has three parted leaves that are fairly regularly toothed and it may be up to 40cm (16") tall. It is found in the Appalachian Mountains.



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Magnoliopsida
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
|Subclass

Magnolia
|Order
Ranunculales
Buttercups
|Family
Ranunculaceae
Buttercups
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Anemone
Anemone

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 10/8/2001 9:10:05 PM.