Scrophulariaceae / Figwort
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Medical Uses: Although Native Americans once used a root tea as a tonic for fevers and various female complaints and it has been used in folk medicine as a mild tranquilizer it is not recommended that the plant be taken internally for self medication. The plant may be toxic in sufficient doses. The European species is known to cause blood in the urine and to effect the heart. The European species is used externally to treat sores, burns, eczema, earache and hemorrhoids. See 'More Info' below for more on the medical uses of this species.
Lanceleaf Figwort AKA Eastern Figwort and Hare Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata has
more coarsely toothed leaves and the sterile filament is green or yellow. It flowers earlier and is found only as far south
as the mountains of Virginia.
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves