Index- plants in this Family
Santalaceae / Sandalwood
Bastard Toadflax (Comandra umbellata)
Bastard Toadflax is also known as False Toadflax.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 40cm in height (16inches). From a rhizome.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Leaves can reach 4cm in length (1.6inches). Each leaf is entire.
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts. They are white. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into mid summer. The petal like sepals from a hypanthium and with a tuff of hair engaged with the stamens.
Habitat: Fields, borders and dry, open woods.
Range: Oklahoma to Georgia and north into Canada.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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The name Comandra is from the Greek 'Kome' meaning hair and 'andros' meaning man or male and refers to the hairs that appear to be attached to stamens.

This species is parasitic (sometimes called semi-parasitic because it also gets nutrition from photosynthesis) on numerous other plants getting both water and nutrition from the roots of other plants. It reproduces sexually and also spreads vegetatively and a single clone can cover a very large area.

Lore: The fruit may be edible.



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Magnoliopsida
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
|Subclass
Rosidae
Rose
||Family
Santalaceae
Sandalwood
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Comandra

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 8/11/2001 8:51:38 AM.