Liliaceae / Lily
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These species have pages on this site:
Toadshade Trillium, Trillium cuneatum and sessile
Snow Trillium, Trillium grandiflorum
Sweet Wakerobin, Trillium vaseyi
Red Trillium, Trillium erectum
Painted Trillium, Trillium undulatum
Bashful Wakerobin, Trillium catesbaei
Yellow Wakerobin, Trillium luteum
Trailing Wakerobin, Trillium decumbens
Southern Red Trillium, Trillium sulcatum
Lore: The Chippewas treated
earache with "second layer of the bark of the root, put in hot water and boil" this was then dropped in the ear (presumably
after it had cooled) . (See How the Indians Use Wild Plants for
Food, Medicine & Crafts) They also used the plant for rheumatism and for this it was worked under the skin with a set
of needles attached to a wooden handle looking rather like a fork. Medicinal and other uses of North American Plants mentions
the plant being for various bodily discharges from excessive menses and bloody urine to diarrhea and night sweats. The
Patawatomi medicine men used an infusion of the root to treat sore nipples. The infusion was drunk by the patient and the
medicine man hastened the action by "piercing the teats with a dog whisker". The Menomini used the root for swollen
eyes (poultice) for cramps and " to remove the defilement entailed by intercourse with one during the menstrual period". It
may have also been used as an aphrodisiac and for menopause according to Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, Eastern and Central North
America. The plant is known to contain steroids.
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Monocots / One Seed Leaf