Rosaceae / Rose
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Lore: The fruit, which is seldom more than 1.5cm in diameter. is often eaten when ripe and can be made into preserves and wine. The thorns may have been used by Native Americans as sewing awls.
Medical Uses: Hawthorns have been used for centuries by the Chinese, Europeans
and Native Americans as a heart tonic. Studies show that in prolonged use it may be effective. A tea of the leaves is
often used to reduce blood pressure which is accomplished by the dilation of the blood vessels. It seems possible that
regular use of products made from the fruit might be beneficial.
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves