Index- plants in this Family
Rosaceae / Rose
Hawthorn (Crataegus )
Plant Type: This is a shrub which can reach 800cm tall. Often a small tree.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Each leaf is finely toothed slightly lobed.
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts. They are white. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into late spring.
Fruit: A berry which is usually red.
Habitat: Open woods, slopes.

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Daniel Reed

There are over fifty species of Hawthorn. Many can be distinguished only by some small detail of the fruit.

Lore: The fruit, which is seldom more than 1.5cm in diameter. is often eaten when ripe and can be made into preserves and wine. The thorns may have been used by Native Americans as sewing awls.

Medical Uses: Hawthorns have been used for centuries by the Chinese, Europeans and Native Americans as a heart tonic. Studies show that in prolonged use it may be effective. A tea of the leaves is often used to reduce blood pressure which is accomplished by the dilation of the blood vessels. It seems possible that regular use of products made from the fruit might be beneficial.
Warning
: Foster and Duke's Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, Eastern and Central North America warns that scratching the eye with the thorns may cause blindness!



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Magnoliopsida
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
|Subclass
Rosidae
Rose
||Family
Rosaceae
Rose
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Crataegus
Hawthorns

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 8/12/2000 1:28:18 PM.