Index- plants in this Family
Liliaceae / Lily
Fly Poison (Amianthium muscitoxicum)
Fly Poison is also known as Flypoison.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 100cm in height (39inches). From a bulb.
Leaves: This plant has basal leaves only. Leaves can reach 60cm in length (24inches). Each leaf is entire. There are leafy bracts on the stem dimished toward the top.
Flowers: The flowers have 6 Regular Parts and are up to 1cm wide (0.4 inches). They are white turning greenish then dark purple. Blooms first appear in early summer and continue into mid summer. In a tapering raceme that expands bottom to top as the flowers open.
Habitat: Open woods and meadows.
Range: From New York to the Florida panhandle and, in the south, west as far as Oklahoma.

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Fly poison is the english trainslation of the Latin "muscitoxicum". That name was given to this species by Thomas Walter who published Flora Caroliniana in 1788.

WARNING: All parts of the plant are considered poisonous with the bulb being especially toxic.

Lore: Hemmerly states that colonists used the bulb mixed with sugar to kill flies.



See the links below this image for other images. (1)
© Darel Hess   E-mail      Image use policy

Shenandoah National Park

OTHER IMAGES
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Flypoison (Amianthium muscaetoxicum) - red flowers  © Darel Hess

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Liliales
Lily
|Family
Liliaceae
Lily
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Amianthium

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 11/10/2001 4:58:26 PM.