Index- plants in this Family
Lentibulariaceae / Bladderwort
Small Butterwort (Pinguicula pumila)
Small Butterwort is also known as Dwarf Butterwort.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 10cm in height (4inches). The plant is carnivorous, traping small organisms on the leaves.
Leaves: This plant has basal leaves only. The leaves are entire and succulent with curled edges. They are yellow green and are sticky or greasy on the upper surface.
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts and are up to 1.3cm long (0.5 inches). They are white or tinged purple, pinkish or yellow. Blooms first appear in mid winter and continue into mid spring. The corolla is actually two lipped with a spur on the underside and a palate that does not completely close the throat. The flowers are sometimes inverted with the spur pointing upwards.
Habitat: Moist, sandy soil. Open areas and thin woods (pine).
Range: Near the coast from Texas to North Carolina.

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© Daniel Reed

The names "Butterwort" and "Pinguicula", which means "little fat one", refer to the greasy coating of the leaves that traps and digests small insects and other organisms. Once an insect becomes stuck in the leaves the secretions increase and the leaf may fold in or curl around the insect. (Rickett) (Olmstead)

Medical Uses: The secretions of the leaves contain an antiseptic that has been used to treat wounds.

See the links below this image for other images. (1)
© James Henderson   E-mail      Image use policy

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Butterwort, Small (Pinguicula pumila) slight color variation  © James Henderson

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves



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