Index- plants in this Family
Pontederiaceae / Water-Hyacinth
Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)
Pickerelweed is also known as Dog-tongue, Wampees and Blue-flag which usually refers to an iris..

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 122cm in height (48inches). Usually much shorter. Usually rooted in soft mud below shallow water the leaves and flowers are held above the water.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Leaves can reach 25cm in length (10inches). Leaves can be as wide as 15 cm (6inches). Each leaf is entire, often more or less cordate but are highly variable in shape and size and sometimes only the petiole forms with no leaf. There is one leaf on the flower stalk the others being basal.
Flowers: The flowers have 6 Regular Parts. They are blue sometimes white (rare). Blooms first appear in early summer and continue into late fall. The small flowers are in a terminal spike up to 15cm (6") long. The middle upper petal has two yellow spots.
Habitat: Shallow, still or slow moving fresh water
Range: Most of eastern U. S.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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The common name suggests that the fish called Pickerel are found in proximity to this plant.

Lore: The fruit can be eaten like nuts and the young, tender leaves can be eaten cooked or fresh. Of course, wildlife also dine upon the leaves and fruit.



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
|Order
Liliales
|Family
Pontederiaceae
Water- Hyacinth
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Pontederia

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 2/2/2002 8:12:20 PM.