Index- plants in this Family
Liliaceae / Lily
Confederate Wakerobin (Trillium reliquum)
Confederate Wakerobin is also known as Relict Trillum and Relict Toadshade.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial. The stem of mature flowering plants is curved over then up near the end so that the leaves usually appear to rest on the leaf litter.
Leaves: The leaves are whorled. Leaves can reach 14cm in length (5.5inches). Each leaf is entire, ovate and acute. The leaves are splotched with several shades of green with a light streak along the central vein.
Flowers: The flowers have 3 Regular Parts and are up to 6cm long (2.4 inches). They are dark purple sometimes yellow. Blooms first appear in late winter and continue into early spring. The sessile flower has the three petals and three sepals that charicterize Trilliums. It is unique in the stamens which extent to anthers with prominent beaks. The smell is fetid.
Habitat: Rich soils under hardwoods that have never been cleared.
Range: A few scattered locations in northern in Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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This species is extremely rare and is classified federally as Endangered.

Similar Species: See: Trilliums, Trillium



© James Henderson   E-mail      Image use policy

This photo was taken at a site along the back edge of an Interstate rest area containing hundreds of these rare and endangered plants.


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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Liliopsida
Monocots / One Seed Leaf
|Subclass
Liliidae
Lily
|Order
Liliales
Lily
|Family
Liliaceae
Lily
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Trillium
Trillium

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 4/1/2002 10:16:09 PM.