Index- plants in this Family
Hydrophyllaceae / Waterleaf
Eastern Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum)
Eastern Waterleaf is also known as Shawnee Salad, Indian Salad and John's Cabbage.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 80cm in height (30inches).
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Leaves can reach 20cm in length (8inches). Each leaf is pinnately divided or deeply cleft in five to nine sharply toothed segments.
Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts and are up to 1cm wide (0.4 inches). They are white sometimes lavender. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into late spring. In close, rounded cymes. The calyx hairy. The filaments extend well beyond the corolla.
Habitat: Moist woods and along streams, sometimes in damp meadows
Range: North Dakota to New Hampshire south to Arkansas and North Carolina, mostly in mountains.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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The names, Waterleaf and Hydrophyllum may be due to the whitish mottling that the leaves often have that look like water stains or from water that is held in the unfurling leaves in the spring.

Lore: Native Americans and settlers ate the leaves as salad and cooked.

Medical Uses: The root tea was used as an astringent by Native Americans and herbal parcticioners to treat conditions such as diarrhea and poision ivy. It is still availible from herbal suppliers.

Similar Species: Largeleaf Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum macrophyllum Nutt.)



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Monongahela National Forest in West Virginia


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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Magnoliopsida
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
|Subclass
Asteridae
Aster
||Family
Hydrophyllaceae
Waterleaf
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Hydrophyllum

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 5/25/2002 6:56:02 AM.