Index- plants in this Family
Onagraceae / Evening Primrose
Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea lutetiana)
Enchanter's Nightshade is also known as Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 70cm in height (28inches).
Leaves: The leaf arrangement is opposite. Leaves can reach 12cm in length (5inches). Each leaf has small, spaced teeth and/or is repand.
Flowers: The flowers have 2 Regular Parts and are up to 0.4cm long (0.16 inches). They are white sometimes fading to pink. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into mid summer. In an open raceme. The two petal-like sepals reflexed and the two petals are cleft and so may appear to be four in number. The peduncle and pedicel glandular pubescent.
Habitat: Rich moist woods.
Range: Much of eastern and Midwestern U. S. and Canada north of southern Georgia. Found as far west as far west as Wyoming.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification

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This is one of a very few plants with a two part flower. Both names recall the mythical enchantress Circe who was supposed to have used a member of the same genus in her sorcery

Similar Species: Small Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea alpina) is smaller with more coarsely toothed leaves and flowers that are in a tighter cluster. It is more northerly in range but reaches our area in the mountains. An intermediate species between C. alpina and C. lutetiana may also be found.

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Enchanter's Nightshade, Broadleaf (Circaea lutetiana) - habit  © Daniel Reed

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
Evening Primrose



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