Index- plants in this Family
Violaceae / Violet
Appalachien Blue Violet (Viola appalachiensis)
Appalachien Blue Violet is also known as Appalachian Violet and Henry's Violet.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial and is an evergreen which can reach 10cm in height (4inches). New stems assending at first, soon becoming prostrate, mat forming, rooting from the nodes, mostly glabrous.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate. Sometimes appearing to be acaulescent. Each leaf is reniform, very slightly toothed or crenate and with a few hairs near the margin. Stipules lacerate.
Flowers: The flowers are irregular in shape . They are blue with white center. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into late spring. Spur much longer than wide. Lateral petals bearded.
Habitat: Rich moist woods, mountain coves, stream banks, sometimes in mowed areas such as forest roads.
Range: From Pennsylvana to North Carloina in the mountains. Very rare.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Rare throughout its limited range this violet is classified as "Threatened" in Pennsylvania.

Similar Species: Very similar to Walter's Violet (Viola walteri). Viola walteri is puberulent throughout while Viola appalachiensis has fine hairs only on the leaf margin.



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Appalachien Blue Violet (Viola appalachiensis)  © James Henderson

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Magnoliopsida
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
|Subclass
Dilleniidae
|Order
Violales
|Family
Violaceae
Violet
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Viola
Violet

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 6/30/2002 10:04:48 AM.