Index- plants in this Family
Orobanchaceae / Broomrape
Squawroot (Conopholis americana)
Squawroot is also known as American Squawroot.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant. It is parasitic and has no chlorophyll or leaves.
Leaves:
Flowers: The flowers are irregular in shape . They are yellowish. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into early summer. The rather plan flowers cover the un-branching stalk overlapping like scales.
Habitat: Under hardwood trees. Usually oaks or beeches.
Range: Throughout hardwood forests of eastern North America. Rare in the Coastal Plain area.

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification


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Daniel Reed

Squawroot is often described as looking like a pine cone and the dried, brown stalks of old plants do look very much like that. They usually grow in small clusters.

Since Squawroot is parasitic it does not need to produce energy using chlorophyll and sunlight so it has no green color and can live in complete shade. I have seen it growing on a piece of wood debris that had washed into a cave.



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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.
 

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.


Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.



Classification:  
Kingdom
Plantae
Plants
|Division
Magnoliophyta
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
|Class
Magnoliopsida
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves
|Subclass
Asteridae
Aster
||Family
Orobanchaceae
Broomrape
|Subfamily

|Tribe

|Genus
Conopholis
Squawroot

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www.2bnTheWild.com - Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States, Page updated on 4/9/2008 10:24:52 AM.