Apiaceae / Carota
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Medical Uses: Native Americans use the root tea for many ailments. It was used as eye drops, taken for throat and stomach complaints. The root was also pulverized and made into a poultice and applied to wounds or boils. The root was thought to be good for livestock and was given to ponies to improve there appearance and performance. There is a mention of the roots being mixed with salt and used to treat distemper.(Erichsen-Brown)
Species: Sweet Cicely, Osmorhiza claytonii has hairy stems and shorter styles.
One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.
This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.
Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves