Index- plants in this Family
Lamiaceae / Mint
Virginia Water Horehound (Lycopus virginicus)
Virginia Water Horehound is also known as Bugleweed.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial which can reach 64cm in height (25inches).
Leaves: The leaf arrangement is opposite. Each leaf is irregularly toothed, has a distinct curve and tapers becoming narrow on both ends. They are dark green or purple. They have a very short stem if any.
Flowers: The flowers are irregular in shape and are up to 0.6cm long (0.25 inches). They are white. Blooms first appear in mid summer and continue into mid fall. The tiny flowers circle the stem at the leaf axis.
Habitat: Wet areas, bogs.
Range: Most of eastern US except extreme north and south.

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The leaves have a mild aroma for a member of the mint family, often described as balsamic.

Medical Uses: Long considered a mild narcotic useful for lowering blood pressure, it is now considered a sedative. It has also been used as an astringent and to treat lung ailments, diabetes and thyroid disease. It has been used as a hemostatic because of its ability to lower blood pressure and its astringent properties. While its sedative properties are well documented I have found no scientific studies to confirm this. In Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, Eastern and Central North America it says that science has shown it may be useful in treating hyperthyroidism.

Similar Species: Northern Bugleweed (L. uniflorus) is very similar except the leaves are light green and the flowers have more distinct lobes and.
American Water Horehound (L. americanus) has lower leaves which are deeply lobed and the flowers tend to be in a dense cluster.

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves



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