Index- plants in this Family
Euphorbiaceae / Spurge
Spurge Spp. (Euphorbia )
Spurge Spp. is also known as Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge, Milk Purslane and Seaside Spurge.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant which can reach 76cm tall (30inches). Many species are prostrate or low growing. The stem is often red.
Leaves: The leaf arrangement is opposite. Leaves can reach 4cm in length (1.5inches). Each leaf is entire or sometimes finely toothed. The leaves often have red splotches.
Flowers: The flower parts are not discernable with the naked eye and are up to 0.16cm wide (0.06 inches). They are white or greenish sometimes reddish. Blooms first appear in early summer and continue into mid fall. In some species the flower parts are discreable.
Habitat: Fields, waste places, gardens usually as a weed, road sides.
Range: Throughout

      Color Photo     More Info      Classification

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The flowers are almost to small to be seen with the unaided eye.

Usually sprawling and unnoticed except as a garden weed they are seldom mentioned in wildflower guides.

Medical Uses:

Warning: The roots and leaves of Spurges are a strong laxative and the plant juice may cause blisters on the skin.

Similar Species: There are several species including the following. Milk Purslane (E. supina) which sprawles often in several directions is very common often found growing in abandoned parking lots or growing in the cracks of a sidewalk. The stem is hairy.
Eyebane (E. maculata) is more erect and the stem is not hairy.
Seaside Spurge (E. polygonifolia) is salt tolerant and is found almost exclusively on sandy beaches. It has a jointed stem.

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More Info:  
The Search below may provide more information about this species. Some of URLs may have been used as a source for this page not otherwise cited. Most of the information not cited comes from multiple sources that can be found in the Books page. The USDA plant links are provided by: USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. You can check species names at ITIS Advanced Search to see if they meet the current ITIS taxonomic criteria.

By: Newcomb, Lawrence and Illustrated by Morrison, Gordon. 1977, Little, Brown and Company, ISBN:0-316-60442-9

One of the best general guides to wildflowers of the North Eastern and North Central United States. Newcomb's key is an excellent, simple method for identifying plants. Newcomb has drawings for almost every plant mentioned that are excellent aids to identifying the species. Though only the more common plants are covered this is often the first book I pick up when trying to identify a wildflower.

Wildflo wers of Tennessee the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians
By: Dennis Horn and Tavia Cathcart and Thomas E. Hemmerly and David Duhl. , ISBN:1551054280

This is perhaps the best of many field guides covering this region. Featuring 446 excellent color photographs (located with the text) and mentioning as similar to those illustrated are another 800 or so species for a total coverage of over 1,200 species. The start of each family section includes line drawings of some of the species showing important features. The text includes the usual description, bloom season, range, habitat and additionally includes information such as medical uses and lore and how the species was named. This is the official field guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society.

Angiosperms / Flowering Plants
Dicots / Two Seed Leaves



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